Work Experience

Social Scientist, 2020-present NOAA NCCOS Biogeography Branch

Social Scientist, 2018-2020: CSS, Inc for NOAA NCCOS

Program Analyst, 2016-2018: JHT, Inc for NOAA NCCOS

Research Associate, 2014-2016: Virginia Sea Grant and NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office

Science Integration Fellow, 2013-2014: California Ocean Science Trust


Duke University 2013

Ph.D., Marine Science and Conservation, Dissertation: “Diverse Ways of Knowing for Water Quality Conservation in North Carolina”

Certificate in College Teaching

Cornell University 2008

B.S. Development Sociology

B.S. Biological Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary concentration


Fleming, Chloe, Seann D. Regan, Amy Freitag, Heidi Burkart. 2022. Indicators and participatory processes: a framework for assessing integrated climate vulnerability and risk as applied in Los Angeles County, California. Natural Hazards

Amy Freitag, Suzana Blake, Patricia M. Clay, Alan C. Haynie, Chris Kelble, Michael Jepson,
Stephen Kasperski, Kirsten M. Leong, Jamal H. Moss, and Seann D. Regan. 2022. Relating Wetland Loss and Commercial Fishing Activity in Louisiana across Spatial Scales. Nature and Culture 17(2). Find it at Berghahn or PDF.

Schwarzmann, Danielle, Amy Freitag, Dan Dorfman, David Records, Meredith Walz. 2022. Updating the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary Plan: Estimating the Impact to Commercial Fishing in Monroe County, Florida. Water 14(3): 290.

Fleming, Chloe, Sarah Ball Gonyo, Amy Freitag, Theresa Goedeke. 2022. Engaged minority or quiet majority? Social intentions and actions related to offshore wind energy development in the United States. Energy Research & Social Science 84: 102440. Find at Elsevier or PDF.

Craig, J. Kevin, G. Todd Kellison, Samantha M. Binion-Rock, Seann D. Regan, Mandy Karnauskas, Sang-Ki Lee, Ruoying He, Dennis M. Allen, Nathan M. Bacheler, Hannah Blondin, Jeffrey A. Buckel, Michael L. Burton, Scott L. Cross, Amy Freitag, Sarah H. Groves, Christine A. Hayes, Matthew E. Kimball, James W. Morley, Roldan C. Muñoz, Grant D. Murray, Janet J. Reimer, Kyle W. Shertzer, Taylor A. Shropshire, Katie I. Siegfried, J. Christopher Taylor, Denis L. Volkov. 2021. Ecosystem Status Report for the U.S. South Atlantic Region. NOAA technical memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-753 DOI:10.25923/qmgr-pr03.

Freitag, Amy, Ava Ellett, Heidi Burkart, John Jacobs. 2021. Estimating the Economic Burden of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Washington State Oyster Aquaculture: Implications for the Future. Journal of Shellfish Research 40(3): 555-564. Find at BioOne or PDF.

Freitag, Amy, Seann Regan, A.K. Leight, Kimani Kimbrough, Michael Edwards, Heidi Burkart, Mary Rider. 2021. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon characterization and prediction in coastal sediments using regression modeling and machine learning. NOAA technical memorandum NOS NCCOS 293. DOI :

Kimbrough, Kimani, Annie Jacob, Seann Regan, Erik Davenport, Michael Edwards, A. K. Leight, Amy Freitag, Mary Rider, W. Edward Johnson. 2021. Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
in the Great Lakes Basin using dreissenid mussels. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 193: 833. Available at Springer .

Freitag, A., Heidi Burkart, Chloe Fleming, Seann D. Regan. 2022. Creating a quantitative, ecosystem-service-based index of nature in the highly urbanized and arid Los Angeles County. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science 49(1):304-320. and PDF.

Kasperski, S., DePiper, G.S., Haynie, A.C., Blake, S., Colburn, L.L., Freitag, A., Jepson, M., Karnauskas, M., Leong, K.M., Lipton, D. and Masi, M., 2021. Assessing the State of Coupled Social-Ecological Modeling in Support of Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management in the United States. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, p.181. Available at Frontiers.

Gonyo, Sarah Ball, Chloe S. Fleming, Amy Freitag, Theresa L. Goedeke. 2021. Resident perceptions of local offshore wind energy development: Modeling efforts to improve participatory processes. Energy Policy 149 (112068). ISSN 0301-4215, Available at Elsevier at PDF.

Fleming, Chloe, Seann D. Regan, Amy Freitag, Heidi Burkart. 2020. Assessing the Geographic Variability in
Vulnerability to Climate Change and Coastal Hazards In Los Angeles County, California. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 275. Available at the NOAA Institutional Repository.

Goedeke, Theresa L., Sarah Ball Gonyo, Chloe S. Fleming, Jarrod L. Loerzel, Amy Freitag, and Chris Ellis. 2019. Resident Perceptions of Local Offshore Wind Energy Development: Support Level and Intended Action in Coastal North and South Carolina. Sterling (VA): US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. OCS Study BOEM 2019-054. 100 p. Available at BOEM.

Turner, P., A. D. Thaler, A. Freitag, P. C. Collins. 2019. Deep-sea hydrothermal vent ecosystem principles: Identification of ecosystem processes, services and communication of value. Marine Policy 101: 118-124. Available at Elsevier and PDF.

Freitag, A., Townsend, H., Vasslides, J. 2019. What the shell is that? Using conceptual models to bridge multi-sector concerns in the Chesapeake Bay oyster fishery. Marine Policy 99: 99-110. Available at Elsevier and PDF.

Freitag, A., T. Hartley, B. Vogt. 2018. Ecosystem-based fisheries management in the Chesapeake: Developing Indicators. Coastal Management 46(3): 127-147. Available at Taylor and Francis and PDF.

Freitag, A., T. Hartley, B. Vogt. 2018. Breaking Stereotypes Through Network Analysis of the Chesapeake Oyster Community. Marine Policy 90:146-151. Available at Elsevier and PDF.

Meyer, R., E. Meyer, L. Sievanen, A. Freitag. 2017. Using citizen science to inform ocean and coastal resource management. Chapter 7 in Ballard, H., J. Cigliano (Eds.) Citizen Science for Coastal and Marine Conservation Taylor & Francis. Buy the book and PDF.

Freitag, A., T. Hartley, B. Vogt. 2017. Using Business Names as an Indicator of Oysters’ Cultural Value.  Ecological Complexity 31:165-169. Available at Elsevier and PDF.

Freitag, A. 2017. Visions of Wilderness in the North Bay Communities of California. Area. doi:10.1111/area.12356. Available at Wiley and PDF.

Karnauskas, M., Kelble, C. R., Regan, S., Quenée, C., Allee, R., Jepson, M., Freitag, A., Craig, J. K., Carollo, C., Barbero, L., Trifonova, N., Hanisko, D., Zapfe, G. 2017. 2017 Ecosystem status report update for the Gulf of Mexico. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-706, 51 p. Available through NMFS.

Freitag, A. 2017. Factors Determining Participation Quality in Collaborative Water Quality Research. Environmental Sociology doi:10.1080/23251042.2017.1289592. Available at Taylor and Francis and PDF.

Freitag, A. 2016. A Typology for Strategies to Connect Citizen Science and Management. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 188:519. doi:10.1007/s10661-016-5513-y. Available at Springer and PDF.

Freitag, A., R. Meyer, L. Whiteman. 2016. Strategies Employed by Citizen Science Programs to Increase the Credibility of Their Data. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice 1(1):2, p 1-11. DOI: (open access)

Freitag, A. 2015. Collaborative Research Seed Grants for Integrating Knowledges and Creating New Knowledge. Journal of Extension. 15(5): 5FEA4. Available Open Access.

Cigliano, J.A., H. L. Ballard, A. Freitag, R. Meyer, T. B. Phillips, A. Wasser. 2015. Making Marine and Coastal Citizen Science Matter.  Ocean and Coastal Management. 115: 77-87. Available Open Access.

Thaler, A., A. Freitag, E. Bergman, D. Fretz, W. Saleu. 2015. Defending against robot invasions: best practices for minimizing transmission of invasive species via observation-class ROVs. Tropical Conservation Studies 8(3): 711-717. Available Open Access.

Freitag, A. 2014. The promise of solutions from increasing diversity in ways of knowing: Educational lessons from meteorology, ethnobotany, and systems ecology. Environment and Society: Advances in Research 5:28-46.

Freitag, A. 2014. Naming, Framing, and Blaming: Exploring Ways of Knowing in the Deceptively Simple Question ‘What is Water Quality?’. Human Ecology 42(2): 325 – 337. Available at Springer, and uncorrected proof here.

Dublin, D., A. Bancheva, A. Freitag. 2013. Local Initiatives for Sustainable Development in Rural Hokkaido: A Case Study of Samani. Geography, Environment, Sustainability 2(6). PDF. (p. 72).

Freitag, A., Pfeffer, M. 2012. Process, Not Product: Investigating Recommendations for Improving Citizen Science “Success”. PLoSONE 8(5):e64079. Available Open Access.

Freitag, A., N. Sohn, D. Rittschof. 2012. Geography of toxins: mercury and PCBs in the daily catch.  64:1330-1338. Online at Marine Pollution Bulletin.

A.D. Thaler, C. McClain, A. Freitag, K. Zelnio, D. Shiffman, H. Bik, R. MacPherson, M. Goldstein. 2012. Virtual Environmentalism. Chapter in Environmental Leadership, Sage Publications. Proofed PDF available.

Chapin, T, A. Bartuska, S. Collins, C. Duke, A. Freitag, R. Jackson, D. Lodge, S. Pickett, M. Power, A. Power, J. Reynolds. 2012. Earth Stewardship: Science and action to sustain the human-earth ecosystem. Ecosphere 2(8): art89. Available online

Agrawal, A.A., J.P. Sparks, R. Jetter, J.P. Salminen, J.B. Goldstein, A.E. Freitag, M. Fishbein. 2009. Phylogenetic ecology of leaf surface traits in the milkweeds (Asclepias spp.): chemistry, ecophysiology, and insect behavior. New Phytologist 183: 848 – 867. PDF.

Other publications (not peer-reviewed)

Integrating biophysical and socioeconomic metrics to characterize and couple ecological and coastal community resilience at a regional scale. National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science. April 2018. PDF.

Collecting Food, Cultivating People: Subsistence and Society in Central Africa by Katheryn M. deLuna (review). Global Environmental Politics 18(1): 146-148. PDF.

Citizen Science and Ocean Resource Management in California: Guidance for forming productive partnerships. California Ocean Science Trust, CA, USA. September 2014. PDF.

Invited Talks

“Spatial Economic Assessments of National Marine Sanctuaries: Cases from the Florida Keys and Olympic Coast”, presented at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Horn Point Lab January 31st, 2018.

“The Nature and Culture of Oysters in Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management”, presented at the NOAA NOS Seminar Series November 4th, 2015

“Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management: A place-based and species-focused test case”, presented at the Chesapeake Bay Program Science and Technical Advisory Committee, March 10th, 2015

“Seed Grants and Stakeholder Engagement: Looking at the Fishery Resource Grant Program”, presented at North Carolina Sea Grant.

“Values and Beliefs: Utilizing different ways of knowing in small-scale fishing communities in coastal North Carolina”. ESA 2012, Portland Human Ecology symposium.

“Ways of Knowing, Ways of Conserving: Philosophies of Marine Conservation”, Nov. 18 2011: Hampton University, Nov. 2, 2011: Savannah State University, April 25, 2012: Elizabeth City State University


[Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association 2021]

Freitag, A., S. D. Regan, C. Fleming, H. Burkhart. Defining and Measuring Nature in the Urban Desert Landscape of Los Angeles. Presented at the Social Coast Forum 2020, Charleston.

Freitag, A., S. D. Regan, S. Martin, M. Jepson. Scale Matters: Relating Wetland Loss and Commercial Fishing Activity in Louisiana Across Spatial Scales. Presented at AAG 2019, DC.

Freitag, A., S. D. Regan, S. Blake. Incorporating Traditional and Local Ecological Knowledge into Large-Scale Environmental Monitoring. Presented at SfAA 2018, Philadelphia.

Freitag, A., D. Dorfman, A. Orthmeyer, B. Leeworthy. Determining the Economic Impacts of Spatial Management in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Presented at the Social Coast Forum 2018, Charleston SC.

Freitag, A., T. Hartley, B. Vogt. Monitoring Both Natural and Human Dimensions. Presented at IMCC 2016, St. John’s Newfoundland.

Freitag, A. Visions of Wilderness in North Bay Communities of California. Presented at ISSRM 2015, Charleston.

Freitag, A., R. Meyer. The California Citizen Science Initiative: Connecting citizen science to MPA management. Presented at IMCC 2014, Glasgow.

Freitag, A., A. McGregor, R. Meyer, L. Whiteman. 2013. Citizen Science and MPA Monitoring: Informing adaptive management through enriched local knowledge systems. Presented at AGU 2013, San Francisco.

Meyer, R., A. McGregor, A. Freitag. Creating Mutually Beneficial Links Between Citizen Science and Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. Workshop at CERF 2013, San Diego.

Freitag, A. Ebb and flow: Defining rules of engagement for collaborative research in water quality. Poster at CERF 2013, San Diego.

Freitag, A. Rural Outreach: How to Stay Connected Over Weak Internet Connections and Largely on Smartphones. Presented at Science Online Oceans 2013, Miami.

Freitag, A. Seed Grants and Stakeholder Engagement: A Decade Retrospective of NC’s Fishery Resource Grant Water Quality Projects. Presented at AAG 2013, Los Angeles.

Freitag, A. Collaboratively defining the hydrosocial cycle of coastal North Carolina. Presented at Dimensions of Political Ecology 2012.

Freitag, A. Water quality: an ethnography of a politicized term. Presented at AAG February 2012.

Freitag, A., M. Hooper, D. Rittschof. Geography of toxins: mercury and PCBs in the daily catch. Presented at ESA, August 2011.

Freitag, A.E., M. Hooper, L. Campbell. Water quality in the eyes of fishers: who’s responsible? Presented at American Association of Geographers April 2011.

Freitag, A.E., C. Norwood, G. Cumming, J. Stoll. Participatory Action Research in the fishing communities of Downeast, NC. Presented at the Rural Sociology Society, August 2010.

Freitag, A.E., D. Rittschof. Medaka as an integrative indicator of toxicity in field-collected water samples. Presented at ESA, August 2010.

Freitag, A.E. Fish houses: sites of community and sites of change. Presented at American Association of Geographers April 2010.

Freitag, A.E. Local knowledge in the NC blue crab fishery. Presented at ESA, August 2009.

Freitag, A.E., M.J. Pfeffer. Comparing best management practices of community based monitoring in the literature and in reality. Presented at ESA, August 2008.

Freitag, A.E., S. Rupp. 2008. Changing Subsistence Resources in the Yukon Flats, AK. Presented at the Interdisciplinary Environmental Association, June 2008.

Teaching Experience and Training


Social Media for Environmental Communication (spring 2013- present), Duke Environmental Leadership Program

Environment and Media, Goucher College, spring 2015-2020.

Marine Ecology via Remote Observation. Marine Science Short Course, University of Papua New Guinea Oct 2014.

Environmental Biology (spring 2012), Carteret Community College

Green Futures (fall 2010, 2011), Duke University

Backpacking the Finger Lakes, Snowshoeing, and Trail Maintenance (fall 2006-spring 2008), Cornell University

Teaching Assistant: 

Socioecological Systems Reading Group (spring 2010), Duke University

Issues in Social Biology: from Diet to Diseases, DNA to Deforestation (spring 2008), Cornell University


Certificate in College Teaching

“Preparing Future Faculty” mentorship program (2011-12)

Duke Visiting Lectureship Series (2011-12)

Grants and Awards

Peer Recognition Rafting Award (2021)

NSF Cultivating Cultures for Ethical STEM Program (2018)

Nautilus Minerals Education Grant (2014)

Japan GCOE/INET Grant (2012)

NC SeaGrant Fisheries Resource Grant (2010)

Sigma Xi Grants-in-Aid-of-Research (2010)

Kenan Institute for Ethics Rethinking Regulations Grant (2012)

Duke Social Science and Humanities Summer Fellowship (2011, 2012)

Ramus Fund (2011)

Oak Foundation (2011)

Research Blogging Editor’s Choice for Southern Fried Science

Professional Affiliations

Social Coast Forum: Local Gathering Host (2022)

Citizen Science Association: Ethics Committee co-chair (2018-2020)

Ecological Society of America: Human Ecology section

Society for Conservation Biology Marine Section

American Association of Geographers

Community Engagement

Open Insulin In Society

AndroidAPS beta tester

Saint Michaels Elementary School Parent Teacher Organization

National Ocean Science Bowl judge and question writer

Southern Fried Science senior correspondent